This is the 4th posting of explaining the figure on human cognitive functions. Today's topic is Episodic Memory.
Episodic memory comes next to Perceiving Situations, for an episode is an individual situation, thereby the relation between Perceiving Situations and Episodic Memory parallels with that between Object Category Recognition and Individual Object Recognition mentioned above. Objects and relations within an episode should be individuals.
While the types of recognition previously discussed can be learned ‘stochastically,’ episodic memory requires one-shot memorizing. In the brain, situations to be memorized would be chosen by clues such as novelty so that signals necessary for memorizing them would be provided (perhaps with long-term potentiation in the hippocampus).